Corals are the product of tiny living beings which settled in enormous colonies in the depths of warm seas long before our time.

The polyps, surrounded by a fleshy skin, excrete a carbonic substance from which the corals grow like trees and branches. These can attain a height of sixteen inches (40 cm), though the actual branches seldom exceed one and a half inches (4 cm).

At the forks, they are somewhat thicker. It is from these parts that the precious raw material for jewelery items, large coral beads or carvings is obtained.

Traditionally, the fragile little coral trees were brought up from the depths with trawl nets. However, since first-class corals have now become rather rare, divers are now deployed, in a less destructive process which involves their going down and harvesting the sensitive coral branches. After that, the branches are cleaned, sorted and processed by means of saws, knives, files or drills.

Coral is not usually ground or cut on a wheel.

Unprocessed, coral is matt.  It is not until it has been polished that it takes on that beautiful shine.  It is often porous, full of holes or cracked, and in these cases it is of lesser quality. Corals of that kind are sometimes filled with coloured wax to improve its appearance.

High-quality coral is of an even colour and free of cracks, blotches, striations and holes. Since genuine untreated corals are rare, it does fetch good prices. For that reason, anyone being offered what appears to be high-quality coral cheaply would do well to view the matter with a certain degree of scepsis. The best thing to do is to purchase one's high-quality coral jewelery from a reputable merchant.

Coral Beads have been used in jewelry making since prehistoric times. Year after year, Coral Beads are always one of the most popular items in jewelry making. The beautiful bright red coloring cannot be beaten, especially if you want to wear something to the pool or beach.

The name coral is derived from a Greek word. Unlike other gemstone beads, coral is not a mineral or a rock. They are marine animals that exist as small sea anemone-like polyps which typically live in colonies of many identical individuals.

Many types of coral, especially those found in tropical oceans, are reef builders. These reef builders secrete calcium carbonate to form a hard, protective skeleton.

Coral Beads are produced in various shapes and sizes today. The popular shapes include flower, round, flat round, drop, oval, cube, chips, etc. 

Only living coral is naturally red, and because coral is protected by environmental law, it is no longer harvested while living. This is why almost all Coral Beads on the market today get their color from being dyed.

Coral Beads are very popular with people all around the world. But do you know they have different meanings in different countries or nationalities?

Coral is said to calm and improve life, protect children, and help with lung disorders and digestion. It is also said to help restore harmony in the event of emotional conflict, and to work against nutritional deficiency, depression and lethargy.

In Rome, the Romans used to hang red Coral Beads on the cradles and around the necks of babies, to “preserve and fasten their teeth,” and save them from “the falling sickness.”

American Indians regarded coral as a symbol of vitality. It is said to bring inner peace, intuition and imagination. And coral is also the gem of the 35th marriage anniversary in Western cultures.
Coral Bead Jewelry has a timeless appeal, and is more popular than ever today. As Coral Beads are said to attract love and prosperity, and promote creativity and optimism, why not purchase some Coral Beads to create a one of a kind jewelery design and present them to your family and friends.

Natural raw red coral


Natural Red Coral Bead Chips


The hard skeleton of red coral branches is naturally matte, but can be polished to a glassy shine.

It exhibits a range of warm reddish pink colors from pale pink to deep red; the word coral is also used to name such colors.

Corals do not necessarily have to be red, even if red is thought of as their typical colour. Corals grow in Nature in a wide range of colours from red to white and from blue and brown to black. The most popular are the red hues such as pale pink or salmon, all the way out to a deep dark red. Black corals and gold corals are very much in fashion, whilst the blue ones are extremely rare. The white of the angel skin coral, suffused with pink, is regarded as particularly precious.  Other well known colours are the rich red Japanese Moro coral, the pale pink 'Boke' and the red 'Sardegna'.

Owing to its intense and permanent coloration and glossiness, precious coral skeletons have been harvested since antiquity for decorative use.

Coral Jewelery has been found in ancient Egyptian and prehistoric European burials, and continues to be made to the present day.  It was especially popular during the Victorian age.

Precious coral has a relative density of 3.86 and a hardness of 3.5 on the Mohs scale.

Due to its softness and opacity, coral is usually cut en cabochon, or used to make beads.

​On the one hand corals are not particularly sensitive, but with a hardness of only 3.5 they are much softer than any other gemstone material. Their beauty can easily be impaired by the wrong treatment, for example cosmetics, hot water or bright light. Coral Jewelery should be kept in a safe place and from time to time cleaned with a soft, damp towel. If the surface of the coral does get scratched, the jeweler can have it repolished.

Coral has been used for decorative purposes and esteemed as a protective stone since time immemorial. Even today, red corals are still worn as a talisman to protect the wearer against evil spirits in many cultures.

Modern gemstone therapists too highly esteem its positive effects. Coral, it is said, relieves tension and fear and promotes positive forms of social life.

The ancient faith in the protective and invigorating force of coral is perpetuated in the custom of putting a necklace of red corals round the neck of a small child. Young girls too are often given a fine coral necklace as their first piece of jewelery.

Yet coral is more than that: in some wonderful way coral reflects the complexion of its wearer, developing a positively irresistible effect on her bare skin. Coral is one of the most attractive decorative materials imaginable. Again and again, it inspires international designers to fantastic creations.

Red Bamboo Coral Bead Chain Necklace